If further proofs of the Apostolic origin of the canonical order are desired, many may be found in the work of Abbot Ceasare Benvenuti (see bibliography at end of this article), who century by century, from councils, Fathers, and other ecclesiastical sources, proves that from the first to the twelfth century there had always been clerics living in common according to the example of the Apostles. The Premonstratensian Congregation was founded at Prémontré, near Laon, in France, by St. Norbert, in the year 1120, and approved by Pope Honorius II, in 1126. The abbots and visitors were to be convened at a provincial chapter to be held in each province every four years. So many English ladies, daughters and sisters of martyrs, like Ann Clitheroe, Margaret Clement, Eleanor and Margaret Garnet, followed her that, in 1609, they formed an English community, St. Monica's, Louvain. As with the canons, so also among the canonesses, discipline and love of community life now flourished now languished, so that in the tenth and eleventh centuries many of them became canonicae saeclulares and though living in the same house, no longer cherished the spirit of religious poverty or kept a common table. Their work is essentially clerical, the recitation of the Divine Office in church, the administration of the Sacraments, the preaching of the Word. From this congregation, in 1149, sprang another, that of Sainte Genevieve, which in its turn became very numerous and, reformed as the Gallican Congregation, in the sixteenth century, by a holy man called Charles Faure, had, at the outbreak of the Revolution, no fewer than one hundred abbeys and monasteries in France. Driven away from France, some have taken refuge in England, like those of the famous convent of Les Oiseaux, Paris, who are now at Westgate, and those of Versailles who have settled at Hull. There still exist in Italy, France, Spain, Belgium, Holland, England, Germany, Africa, America, nuns and convents belonging to the Lateran or to some other congregation of canons regular. John (now nearly 80) should retire as superior. In Parliament he had precedence of all abbots and priors. Moreover, such writers as Ware, de Burgo, Archdall, Cardinal Moran, Bower, expressly tell us that Columba built monasteries for canons regular in Ireland and Scotland. In 1735 the Irish canons were claiming before the Congregation of Propoganda their right to several churches, parishes, and houses. The canonical order is now represented in England by Premonstratensians at Crowley, Manchester, Spalding, and Storrington. Tripart., Lib. Allaria, Anthony. Imprimatur. To this double institute the Church owes many pious and learned men — as Raymond Jordan, called Idiota, John Ruysbrock, Mauburn, Garetius, Latomus, and Erasmus. But finding that the discipline of the order was not strictly observed, he conceived, in 1148, the idea of introducing a reform in those regions. In Italy they have charge of parishes in Rome, Bologna, Genoa, Fano, Gubbio, and elsewhere. As we have already observed, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries a great reform and revival took place in the canonical order. The Irish clerics became the most learned scholars in Europe, Ireland's seats of learning, monasteries, nunneries, and charitable institutions were unsurpassed either in number or excellence by those of any nation in the world. This visit and conference of their holy brother (for it must be remembered that St. Thomas had made his profession as a canon regular) made a great impression, we are told, on all who were present, and they remembered it when they shortly after heard of his cruel death. A great number of congregations of canons regular sprang into existence, each with its own distinctive constitutions, grounded on the Rule of St. Augustine and the statutes which Blessed Peter de Honestis, about the year 1100, gave to his canons at Ravenna, where also he instituted the first sodality, called "The Children of Mary." The early community in the Dom Gréa House Chapel in Pasadena. First Bill [Ustaski], then Charles [Lueras], James [Garceau] and Pasquale [Vuoso] […], who are serving as Priests in Saint Francis of Assisi Parish. Augustine." Writing of the clergy in Anglo-Saxon times, Dr. Lingard says: And he adds this explanatory note from the Excerptiones of Egbert: (By the term canons we designate those rules which the holy Fathers have laid down, in which it has been written how canons (canonici), i.e. Well and so faithfully for twenty-three years in Bellavista, district of Callao community of men convents Notre! 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